IPPR’s analysis shows that growth in self-employment in the UK has been the fastest of all Western European countries over the last year, with the proportion of workers who are self-employed rising by almost a whole percentage point.
IPPR says that the UK had internationally low levels of self-employment for many years but has caught up with the EU average and, if current growth continues, the UK will look more like Southern and Eastern European countries which tend to have much larger shares of self-employed workers
The report says that self-employment has proven to be a key driver of overall job creation, with the working-age employment rate reaching historically high levels.
Between the first quarters of 2013 and 2014, the number of self-employed workers rose by eight per cent, faster than any other Western European economy and outpaced by only a handful of countries in Southern and Eastern Europe. A similar picture is presented when looking at a share of overall employment, with the proportion of workers who are self-employed rising by almost a percentage point in a single year, again among the fastest in Europe.
Spencer Thompson, IPPR Senior Economic Analyst, said: “Around 2,000 people a month are moving off benefits into their own business. The Government’s response to the rise in self-employment has been to praise the UK’s entrepreneurial zeal, while increasingly promoting self-employment as an option to job-seekers.
“Some have seen it as a negative development, having legitimate concerns whether a lot of the new self-employed are actually employees by another name. The Monetary Policy Committee of the Bank of England, while divided on the issue, see the rise in self-employment as a sign that the labour market may be weaker than it appears.
“The self-employed come in many shapes and sizes. Some are entrepreneurs, driven by high-growth ambitions, innovation and disruptive business models, but many are sole-traders bands simply looking to get by or small businesses happy to stay at their current level. The UK is just as much a nation of shopkeepers as a vanguard of cutting-edge capitalism.
“Many older self-employed workers are simply working longer, due to a combination of rises in the pension age and recession-induced falls in the value of wealth stored up for retirement.”
Freelancer group, the PCG, welcomed the research and called for more policies to recognise and support this sector.
Andy Chamberlain, Senior Public Affairs Manager at PCG, said: “The fact that Britain is becoming the self-employment capital of western Europe is hugely positive news. It’s important to remember that striking out alone doesn’t just benefit these individuals - the economy reaps huge rewards as well. PCG’s research shows that in 2013 independent professionals contributed Ł95 billion to the economy in the UK alone and this number is set to rise as more people choose to become their own boss.
“Independent professionals are driving the economy forward and doing so in a way that boosts their quality of life as well as Britain’s economy. The vast majority of independent professionals choose self-employment because they want to take control of their own destiny and achieve a work/life balance that suits them and their families.
“It is important to recognise that the biggest growth areas in self-employment this year are among mothers and those aged under thirty. This shows that going solo is becoming open to anyone, no matter their age, gender or background.
“Current trends suggest that by next year there will be more self-employed professionals than people working in the public sector. It is now more important than ever to collect more data on the diverse composition of the self-employed population and create tailored policies that recognise and support this growing sector.”
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Susie Hughes © Shout99 2014